COMPULSORY KINDERGARTEN FOR 5Y OLD?

COMPULSORY KINDERGARTEN FOR 5Y OLD?

Since when does compulsory kindergarten apply to five-year-olds? What will happen to the postponement of school attendance? How many days a month can a five-year-old child not miss out of kindergarten?

With compulsory pre-primary education, many questions also arise on the part of parents, and therefore we would like to present you with an overview of the most important changes that await you from the new school year September 2021/2022.

For whom is pre-primary education compulsory and how long does it take?

With effect from the school year 2021/2022, pre-primary education in kindergarten will be compulsory for all children who reach the age of five by 31 August 2021. Compulsory pre-primary education in kindergarten lasts one school year.


Will different curricula apply to pre-primary pre-primary schoolchildren?

The curriculum remains the same as for other children attending kindergarten. Each teacher will carry out, as before, educational activities with regard to the current development level of individual children. The state educational program for pre-primary education in kindergartens is also valid for compulsory pre-primary education. It should be kept in mind that compulsory pre-primary education is not legal as part of compulsory schooling. In its implementation, the peculiarities and specifics of pre-primary education will continue to be respected. In kindergartens, neither the hourly nor the subject system of education will be applied in relation to compulsory pre-primary education.

Is it possible to complete compulsory pre-primary education before the child reaches the age of five?

Whether you, as a parent, apply for your child to start compulsory pre-primary education before the age of five is in your competence and responsibility. According to § 28a par. 5 of Act no. 245/2008 Coll. effective from 1 January, from the school year 2021/2022, a child who does not reach the age of five by 31 August will exceptionally be admitted to the fulfillment of compulsory pre-primary education. To apply for an exceptional admission of such a child for compulsory pre-primary education, you will have to submit the consent of the relevant educational counselling and prevention facility and the consent of the general practitioner for children and adolescents.

What happens if, after one year of compulsory pre-primary education, it is established that my child is not eligible to be admitted to compulsory primary school?

Nothing is happening at all. After submitting the documents required under § 28a par. 3 of the Education Act (written consent of the relevant educational counselling and prevention facility, written consent of the general practitioner for children and adolescents and with the informed consent of the legal representative) the kindergarten principal decides on the continuation of compulsory pre-primary education of your child. If the child does not reach school eligibility even after continuing the compulsory pre-primary education in the kindergarten, he / she will start compulsory school attendance in the primary school no later than 1 September following the day on which the child reached the age of seven.


Elementary school enrollment is in April. What document will I submit as a parent to enroll in primary school when my child, who has been admitted to pre-primary education early, receives a certificate of pre-primary education by 30 June?

In the school year 2020/2021, the parent will not have to present any documents. From the school year 2021/2022, when registering for the fulfillment of compulsory school attendance, the parent shall announce in which kindergarten his child fulfills the compulsory pre-primary education according to § 28a par. 5 of the Education Act. Subsequently, after obtaining the Certificate of Obtaining Pre - Primary Education, this document will prove it in a manner determined by the primary school itself (it will send it scanned by e - mail, submit a photocopy, etc.)

Will those children who have a postponement of compulsory school attendance also have to go to enrollment in primary school?

If it is a child who reaches the age of 6 by 31 August (inclusive), he / she will have to go to primary school. And there you will either, as the child's legal guardian, take the initiative to inform the principal of the primary school that he or she is considering continuing compulsory pre-primary education, or the principal of the primary school will advise you to consider this option as part of enrollment. The principal of a primary school will no longer be able to decide on the request of legal representatives to postpone the start of compulsory school attendance as part of the enrollment of children for compulsory school attendance from the school year 2021/2022, because not only was this institute abolished in the Education Act, but also according to § 5 para. . 3 of Act no. 596/2003 Coll. effective from January 1, 2021, the principal of the primary school no longer has the competence to decide on this matter.

What is considered a neglect of compulsory pre-primary education?

According to § 5 par. 16 of Act no. 596/2003 Coll. The child's legal guardian does not neglect the proper performance of compulsory pre-primary education, especially if the child does not apply for compulsory pre-primary education or if the child for whom pre-primary education is compulsory unjustifiably misses more than five days a month.


If the pedagogical-psychological counselling and prevention center does not recommend my child to attend primary school, but I, as a parent, will nevertheless want to put him / her in school with a decisive say, as a parent or pedagogical-psychological counselling center, and prevention?

According to § 19 par. 4 of the Education Act: If you, as the child's legal guardian, request that your child under the age of six be exceptionally admitted to compulsory school attendance, you are obliged to submit the consent of the relevant educational counselling and prevention facility, the consent of the general practitioner. for children and adolescents and proof of pre-primary education. If you, as a parent, submit a dissenting statement from the relevant counselling and prevention facility to the primary school principal regarding the exceptional admission of a child to compulsory school attendance, the primary school principal cannot decide to admit a pupil to the primary school, justifying his decision by the parent both consents. For exceptional fulfillment of compulsory school attendance, a child can be accepted only if both documents according to § 19 par. 4 of the Education Act agree.

Dear parents, we believe that the questions and answers to the current topic regarding compulsory pre-primary education were beneficial for you and will help you to orient yourself more in this issue.

The current questions and answers were developed on the basis of the manual of pre-primary education of children and the webinar of compulsory pre-primary education in the practice of kindergartens.

Mgr. Petra Szántai (Páleníková)