Montessori everyday activities: wet and dry pouring

Montessori everyday activities: wet and dry pouring

Area: Practical life exercises

Age: 2.5 - 3 years

Goal: Coordination of movements, concentration, skill to pour without spilling
Materials: tray, two identical porcelain or glass jugs, one jug is filled to ¾ with rice or other legumes (peas,
lentils, beans, chickpeas, etc.)

DEMONSTRATION: (The activity is demonstrated to one child and always at the table.) Upon arriving at the
designated activity area, the parent and child begin the task. The parent demonstrates how to handle and
carry the tray, after which the child takes it to the table. Following this, the parent proceeds to introduce and
assign names to each individual component: the jug, handle, rim, and funnel. The two jugs are positioned
facing away from each other. The parent's presentation unfolds as follows: With the left hand, the parent
grasps the handle of the left jug, lifting it to the jug's height and moving towards the handle. Extending the
left palm forward, they bend the little finger and ring finger inward, maintaining the index and middle fingers
together. These two fingers navigate around the jug's handle and slide behind its ear, securely inserting them
into the handle’s space. Simultaneously, the thumb is placed atop the handle. The parent maintains a firm
grip on the handle with all the fingers of the left hand, with the little finger and middle finger positioned
beneath the handle. The right hand, with fingers fully extended, approaches the jug's lower section from the
right side, providing support to the jug at its lower and middle areas.
Raise the jug just slightly above the level of the empty one, with the right hand providing support, and draw
it closer. Gradually, the jug is tilted, accompanied by an upward movement of the elbow and a rightward
rotation, allowing the seeds to flow out gradually. Do this until the jug is completely emptied. Once the jug is
empty, gently tilt it back. Check, whether it is really empty. The jug is then restored to its original position
(tilted away), and placed gently on the table. Any spilled grains are addressed as needed. The same
procedure is subsequently repeated from the opposite side (using the right hand). Finally, the child is
encouraged with the prompt: 'Now it's your turn to pour.' (The child adjusts their grip depending on the
relative size of their hand to the jug's handle).